Have You Heard Of These Study Techniques? | 这些学习技巧,你会吗?

嘿大家!不知道大家是怎么读书、备考和学习的呢?我个人喜欢尝试新奇的学习方法。如今,我也有不少的学习技巧想分享给大家,其中的技巧或许你们已经提前知晓。不过,写这篇博客的主要目的不是告诉你们应该如何学习,而是如何寻找自己最佳的学习方式和技巧。事不宜迟,大家往下读吧!

Hey everyone! I’m not sure how you study, but personally, I enjoy finding new study techniques. Since then, I’ve gathered quite a few study techniques which I wish to share with you guys! While some of them may seem familiar, I hope you read on. The main purpose that I’m writing this blog is not to tell you how to study, but rather to encourage you to find a study technique that suits you. Basically, work SMART. Without further ado, let’s dive into the topic!

What does "Studying" actually mean?

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到底什么是”学习“?不知道大家有没有发现,从来没有人教我们如何去真正的学习。许多方法,方式都是我们自己琢磨出的。根据我多年的经验(我其实也没多大啦),”学习“肯定不是仅仅把课本读一遍那么简单。于我而言,”学习“是一件一直不断发生的过程。不是说你放下课本、课件、资料的那一刻就会了,而是将所读、所看、所学的知识吸收,以自己的方式去理解知识。”学习“就是当你把你学到的东西,成功吸收,再将它运用于生活中。这个过程才是我心目中的”学习“。

Have you ever wondered what “studying” actually is? Well, not sure if you realised, nobody has ever taught us how to “study’. Many of the techniques and ways that we see today are the ones that we humans have come up with. According to my experiences (I’m not very old!), “studying” definitely doesn’t mean something as simple as just reading the textbook. To me, “studying” is a process, a never-ending one. It doesn’t mean that just because you put down the textbook, or any resource that you’ve read, you’ve officially “learnt” it. Instead, it means to take what you’ve read or studied, process it, and turn it into something you understand. To me, “studying” is basically successfully absorbing the information you’ve read, and then applying it in life. That’s how you know you’ve learnt a valuable piece of information.

Pomodoro Technique | 番茄工作法

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番茄工作法起源于1980年代,是由一位叫做Francesco Cirillo的男子所发明的。它的名字来源于意大利单词“Pomodoro”(番茄),而这个名字起源于他当时用了类似番茄形状的计时器。如今,这个方法成为了许多人完成任务的方式。进行这个简单易懂的时间管理方法只需要一个计时器。计时器可以是实体的,也可以是手机上的、电子的。那么该如何运用这个方法呢?接下来就让我来教你们吧!

首先,你得使用计时器设定一个“番茄时间“,也就是你的学习或工作时间。一般而言,多数的人都会选择25分钟,但这看个人情况。不过,要记住不要把时间设定得太长或太短,否则这个方法就失效了。在这个指定的时间内,你只能做一件指定的事件,不能被别的事打扰。例如,完成一份作业、复习X页课本等,直到计时器响起。在计时器响起的那一刻,记住你的任务完成度,然后把全部东西放下。之后,再将计时器设定一个休息时间(一般为5-10分钟)。在这段休息时间,不必理会任何有关任务的事情,只需要安心休息。当休息时间到,再次开启”番茄时间“,重复以上步骤,直到完成任务。

这个方法我其实亲身试过,觉得还蛮有用的。大家不妨试试,再告诉我你们的想法吧!

The Pomodoro Technique came about in the 1980s, created by one Francesco Cirillo. Its name is the Italian word for “tomato”, which came about as a result of the timer he used that resembles a tomato. Today, this method has become a popular method amongst many who wish to complete their tasks in a specific timeframe. This technique is super easy to use, with just the need of a timer, either a physical one or digital one will both work. Let me explain how this works.

First, set a pomodoro time using the timer, which is basically your study or work time. Normally, people set 25 minutes, but I would say it’s up to you. Just make sure it’s not too short or too long! In this set period of time, you can only do the specific task that you’ve chosen, and not get distracted by other things. These can include finishing up a specific piece of homework, or revising X pages of a textbook. Do this until the timer rings. When the timer rings, remember where you left off, and put down everything on hand. This is your break time, so set a timer to remind you of your break until it ends (normally 5-10 minutes). During the break, just rest and do nothing else! When the break ends, repeat the pomodoro time, and the steps above until you complete your task.

I’ve tried this personally and found it to be quite effective. Do give it a go and let me know what you think about it!

To-Do Lists | 任务清单

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其实这个方法我在之前的博客已经有提到过了,但由于我觉得它非常有用所以有在本期的博客提起。这个方法的目的主要是帮你们理清你一天内所需要完成的任务。我之前提过我们的头脑其实不是为了储存而存在的。如果想要更加清楚地知道我们要做什么,其实还得写下来。我个人觉得这样一来反而省下许多时间,因为我不需要去花时间思考我需要做些什么。

之前在写关于这一个方法时我也提到过,这个方法只需一张纸和一支笔,甚至一台手机就行了。在你开始学习或工作之前先列出你需要做的一些任务。例如:完成某份作业等。之后,在你每做完一项任务时,就把它删除或划掉。这突如其来的满足感,不得不说,让人觉得舒服呀!

I’ve mentioned this method a couple of times in previous blogs, but because it’s quite effective, I’m bringing it up once again. This method mainly helps you keep track of what you need to do in a day. I previously mentioned that our brains aren’t for storing things. If you want to be clear of what you need to do in a day, writing down is still the best way to go about it. Personally, this to me saves more time as I wouldn’t need to spend extra time trying to remember everything that I need to do.

While I was writing about this method back then, I also mentioned that you only need a piece of paper and a pen, or even just a device like your phone. Before starting on your work or revision, list out some of the things you want to do. These can include completing a given piece of homework. After you finish each task, simply strike it off from the list. The satisfaction that comes with striking off something to show that you finished it, is simply amazing!

Time Blocking | 时间阻挡

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时间阻挡,顾名思义就是将一段时间阻挡出来。其实,如果你有使用日历表的习惯,就已经是在进行这一步了。一部份的人在完成或进行某一件事时,会发现自己很难集中精力。可是,一旦你有一段特定的时间,一定要在这特定的时间内完成这一项任务,反而会很快完成。这就是时间阻挡的魅力。人类很神奇,我们想要学会自律,却一直被自己的拖延症拖后腿。不过,我保证试了这一个方法之后,学习一定会变成一件很容易的事!

这一个方法很类似于上课有课表,你只需在时间表上划出你想要使用的时间。例如:1400 – 1600 复习数学、1630 – 1730 复习科学等。通过这个方式,你会发现在这些指定的时间内,你轻而易举地完成了学习目标,并且成功吸收了所学的知识。偷偷告诉你们,我写这些博客也就是那么写的。每周都锁定一段时间,为你们写这些有趣的博客,呵呵!

Time blocking, as the name suggests, basically means to block a period of time out for you to do work. To be honest, if you have the habit of using a calendar to mark down different timings, you technically are already using this method. A group of people (like me) will find that whilst trying to complete a certain task, it’s quite hard to gather their concentration. However, the moment you are given a specific time frame to finish up the task, it’s instead completed very quickly. This is the power of time blocking. We as humans are very interesting. We want to be self-disciplined, but are constantly held back by our own procrastination. Though I dare say, if you were to try this method, studying becomes way easier!

This method is similar to having a class timetable, you just need to pull out a time slot in the calendar for you to do work. For example, “1400 – 1600 Revise Mathematics, 1630 – 1730 Revise Science”. Through such a method, you will find completing your studying goals within the given timeframe, while at the same time successfully absorbing information. Just between us, I actually write these blogs using this technique. By setting aside a time period each week, I’m able to produce these amazing blogs for you guys, hehe!

Daily Highlights | 每日必做

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这是我最近才学到的一个学习技巧,不妨分享给各位!每日必做顾名思义,就是你每天必须完成的一项任务。在每天的早晨,你起床洗漱之后,可以问自己:“我今天需要完成什么?”尤其身为学生,我们不可能无所事事。就算不是起床洗漱之后,也很有可能是下课放学之后。问问自己,今天的一天,或剩余的一天,你必须完成的任务有哪些。举个例子,今天是周一,而周三有个数学考试。但你知道因为有课程辅助活动,周二没时间复习。那么,今天你的每日必做就可以是:”完成一份数学练习题卷“(当然,还是建议大家提早复习哦!)。这件事不一定需要你一次性做完,但至少要在当天完成。

身为一个大专生,我不得不说每天等着我去办的事物确实很多。不过一天也只有24小时,不可能把每一样东西都完成。因此,这个技巧的好处就体现出来了。做法很简单,大家只需在一个显眼的地方写下你当天的必做之事。可以是贴在桌子上的便利贴,也可以是手机上的备忘录。只要足够显眼,只要你看得见就可以了!试了这个方法之后,你就不会觉得每天一事无成,反而还会有成就感呢!

This is one of the techniques that I recently picked up, which I thought might help you people! Also like its name suggests, daily highlights are basically highlighting a certain task that you MUST complete by the end of the day. This can be done simply by asking yourself in the morning, after you wake up and wash up, “what is it that I need to complete today?” Especially as a student, I believe that you aren’t free all the time. Even if you can’t decide after you wake up, you can try asking yourself again after school. What is that ONE thing that you need to do in the remaining hours of the day? For instance, it might be Monday today and you have a Math exam on Wednesday. You know you aren’t free on Tuesday because of co-curricular activities. Then, your daily highlight for today might just be “finish one set of Math practice papers” (although I still encourage you guys to start revising early!). This ONE thing might not need you to finish it in one sitting, but MUST be completed by the end of the day.

As a student in tertiary education, I can’t deny that I’ve loads of things to do everyday. However, there’s only 24 hours per day, and only so much that I can do. Hence, here’s where this method comes in. It’s simple, really. Just find somewhere that’s so eye-catching to write down your highlight. This can be on a post-it on your table, or a reminder in your phone. As long as you know you will see it, it works! After trying out this technique, you will definitely feel productive!

Take a Break | 休息,休息,休息!

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这一点我强调过无数次,甚至多过比母亲提醒儿子喝水的次数!我们是人,不是机器,不可能无时无刻都在活动。学习固然很重要,但身体更重要。要知道,学习再好,文凭再高,最后如果落在病魔手里,拿多少优异的成绩都拯救不了自己。我也经历过你们的时代,尤其是在中学时候。中四时,”O“水准即将到来,大家拼命读书、学习、备考。可到头来,伤的只会是自己的身体,成绩也不见得进步多少。没错,你没读错。无脑的读书只会让你学习退步。但休息会使你长进。大家记住,在你休息时,脑细胞、身体的细胞、几乎整个身体也会进入一个自我修复的状态。这也是大家进步的最佳时刻。它决定了你隔天是否能够吸收所学的知识,是否能记下历史事件等。因此,重要的事情说三遍,大家切记。休息,休息,休息!

I cannot emphasise this enough, in fact more than my mom has reminded me to drink water. We are humans, not machines. It’s impossible for us to move or study the full day. Studying is important, but taking care of our health is much more important. No matter how good your studies are, no matter what kind of achievements you get, if you only end up to be sick, no grades can save you. I’ve also been through your period of studying, especially when the ‘O’ levels were nearing back then. Everyone went into a study “craze”, only to find out that they’ve harmed themselves, and grades weren’t really improving that much. Yes, you read that right. Not studying smart only hurts you, but rest might very well be the thing that helps you improve. Remember, when you rest, your whole body including brain cells, are resting and repairing themselves. This is also where most people improve, as it decides whether you can absorb information well the next day, or if you can memorise what happened in history. Simply put, I can’t say this enough. Rest, rest, rest!

希望大家通过这次的博客,意识到临时抱佛脚是没用的。如我前面所提到,学习是一个过程,一个持续的过程。每天复习一点,总比把精力花费在一天里,疯狂背书。学习技巧只是帮助你,让学习变得轻松点。可最终的结果,还得看自己付出的努力。当然,各位也要记得休息啦!今天就到这,大家下期再见!

I hope that through today’s blog, you’ve realised that trying to do last-minute preparation isn’t always going to work. Like I mentioned, studying is a process, one that can never stop. Revising a little everyday is way better than trying to cramp a whole book into your brain the day before an exam. Studying techniques can only help you by making your process a little easier, but the fruits of your effort still awaits to be seen. Of course, do remember to take breaks and rest! We shall end here today, till next time!

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