记叙文怎么写 101 | Important Narrative Essay Techniques

记叙文怎么写 人物描写手法及修辞

同学们在写记叙文时,是不是觉得自己无法扩充内容?无论背了多少好词好句,语言分数总是达不到最高等级?别再为记叙文怎么写而苦恼了,我们今天就来探讨记叙文的写作技巧,帮助大家在下一次的写作中考取更理想的成绩!:)

作文要写得好,大家就必须运用不同的写作手法来丰富内容。这些写作手法就包括大家熟悉的人物描写及修辞手法。接下来,让我们来练习如何利用它们来扩充我们的答案吧!

Do you often find it difficult to expand your content for narrative essay writing? Do you struggle with getting more marks for the language content, despite memorising good phrases? In order to improve on your essay writing, techniques like character description and literary techinques would like to be applied. Let us explore and practice some useful writing techniques today!

修辞手法 Literary Technique

记叙文里可以运用的修辞手法包括:

  • 比喻(metaphor)
  • 拟人(personification)
  • 夸张(hyperbole)
  • 排比(parallelism)
  • 设问(pose a question)
  • 反问(rhetorical question)

很多同学在写作文时,仍喜欢套用以前背过的好词好句。其实,如果要让文章内容更充实,并且展现语言能力,大家应该用修辞来替代所谓的好词好句。毕竟,自己发挥创意想出来的句子,肯定要比那么多人背过的用词来得更新颖、更有趣!

Many of us are fond of memorising good phrases or sentences before major exams. During essay writing, we try as best as possible to use them, hoping to score better language marks. Though it does help to improve your language, we should not be reliant on this method. 

Try, instead, to form your own unique phrases or sentences by applying literary techniques. This will definitely help your essay stand out in a sea of memorized and overly used phrases! 

尝试利用修辞手法改写以下句子

比赛即将开始,但队长仍未出现。
我们个个急得像热锅上的蚂蚁,在后台的休息室里团团转。

参考答案

老师急匆匆地念叨道:”比赛就快要开始了,队长怎么还没出现呢?“ 队员们纷纷皱起眉头,焦急的情绪就如一团火球般,作势要侵蚀所有人。【比喻】在不安的情绪笼罩下,我们开始在后台的休息室里来回踱步,沉重的脚步似乎随时都能将整栋建筑给震垮。【夸张】

人物描写手法 Character Description

记叙文里可以运用的人物描写手法包括:

  • 肖像描写(appearance)
  • 行动描写(actions)
  • 语言描写(speech)
  • 心理描写(inner thoughts)

记叙文怎么写才能获得更高分呢?人物描写必定是其中的关键。

同学们必须通过人物描写表现出人物的性格特征,才能使文章更生动,并且凸显文中的主题。了解人物描写的作用后,同学们必定能写出更贴切的描写句子。我们就来试一试吧!

Another important technique to note is definitely Character Description. 

By applying character description techniques, you’ll be able to highlight the unique traits of your characters. This will in turn emphasize the theme of your essay. When applied appropriately, these techniques will boost your essay scores. Let’s give it a shot!

尝试利用人物描写手法改写以下句子

看到男子在欺负一个小孩,我气得火冒三丈,恨不得冲上前去指责他。

参考答案

抬头一看,只见人们都愤愤不平地瞪着一名壮硕的男子。目测大约1米8的他,上身肌肉非常发达,将整件黑色T恤绷得紧紧的,看上去就像是只蓄势待发的豺狼般。【肖像】在他的正前方,一名看起来像株枯黄豆苗的小学生一边低着头,一边默默地擦拭眼泪。【行动】我心想:这个人真是太过分了!居然欺负小孩子!【心理】

记叙文怎么写:改写练习 Writing Practice

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