What Type of Learner are You? | 你属于哪一类的学习者?

嘿大家!不知道你们有没有发现,自己的学习方式有与旁人有类似的,也有全然不同的。这是因为每个人学习的方法都不一样。今天,我们就来探讨学习方式的不同种类。同时,也希望大家可以通过这篇文章,找到自己属于哪一类型的学习者。这样一来,大家的学习效率也能有所提升!话不多说,我们来认识第一种类的学习者吧!

Hey everyone! Out of curiosity, have you ever realised that people around you study differently? Of course, there are people who have similar studying styles as you, but there are also those with totally different styles. Well, this is because everybody is different in the ways they learn. Today, let’s explore these different types of learners. At the same time, hopefully through this article, you’re able to find your own learning method. After which, your efficiency in studying should increase significantly. Without further ado, let’s jump into the first type of learner!

#1 Visual Learners | 视觉型学习者

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视觉型学习者擅长使用眼睛“学习”。这代表着他们会通过利用图片,图标,视频等方式来学习。这也就意味着,他们的学习能力较强,能快速吸收知识。同时,他们的记忆通常都甚好,很多时候都能够记住自己看到的人、事、物。这一类型的学习者有可能拥有快速阅读,语速较快等习惯。在他们的课本或资料上,你可能会看到他们五彩斑斓的图标。这是为了帮助他们整理学习内容。可是,视觉型学习者很容易被声音干扰,因此他们一般需要较安静的学习环境。

那这类型的学习者有什么样的学习方式吗?就让我分享一些吧!我也会为之后不同类型的学习者分享类似的学习方式,所以大家一定要读下去哦!首先,只要有机会,你可以请求老师示范。例如,当物理老师在讲解物理原理时,你可以问老师是否愿意示范如何运用物理原理。这样一来,你也就会更容易了解这些原理了。当然,如果你担心会麻烦老师,你也可以自行上网搜索资料。其他方式也包括,上课前向老师要讲义或自己做笔记并在笔记上添加图标。但是,要注意留出多一点空格,以免笔记太过杂乱。如此也不难看出,视觉性学习者是真的很依靠视觉来学习。所以,每当有机会看学习资料时,就应当抓紧机会,以提高学习效率!

Visual learners often use their eyes to “learn”. This means that they absorb knowledge through pictures, diagrams, videos and similar methods. Essentially, they absorb knowledge relatively fast and easily. At the same time, they have good memory, and more often than not, they have photographic memory, which allows them to remember everything they see. These learners often have the habit of reading and speaking fast. On their textbooks and basically any piece of information given to them, you would most likely see highlighted pages to help them sort out what they read. Additionally, they’re easily distracted by noise, and hence need a quiet place to study.

You may be wondering what study techniques are suitable for visual learners. Well, let me share a few! I will also be sharing other techniques for the other learners, so do keep reading on! Firstly, ask for a demonstration from the teacher whenever possible. For instance, if your physics teacher is teaching a certain physics principle, ask if you could see it in action. This way, it will be easier for you to understand the principle. Otherwise, you could always go online to search for videos demonstrating. To put it simply, getting a demonstration helps you understand the item you’re trying to learn easier. Other methods also include asking for handouts or creating your own notes and adding diagrams on them. However, do remember to always leave some white space so it doesn’t look too cluttered. In conclusion, visual learners are heavily reliant on visual aids, hence if there’s a chance to look at something in application, just take it!

#2 Reader-Writer Learners | 读写型学习者

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读写型学习者与视觉型学习者极为相似,甚至会有重叠的特征。二者都擅长通过视觉学习,但区别在于一个需要图标、图片等辅助资料,另一个则是通过文字学习。顾名思义,这类型的学习者喜欢通过写字来表达自己的想法。因此,他们通常都有写日记的习惯。除了写日记,其他习惯也包括阅读,使用清单,经常写出口语化的笔记,以及利用类似课本的资料来学习。

这类的学习者很容易通过传统方式学习。这些包括做笔记,反复阅读,查找资料等。但是,大家要切记,如果自己属于这类型的学习者,一定要给予自己充足的时间将知识点写下来。另外,尽可能用自己理解的方式将其知识点写出来,而不是将知识点一字不漏地抄下。有必要时,大家也可以在备考期间做多一点练习作业。这样也有助于自己练习答题方式。如果学校没给练习作业,大家可以利用课本或网上资料,自己设计出一份练习作业哦!在我看来,这类型的学习者最关键的就是要给予自己多一点时间,将自己的想法写下。

Reader-writer learners are in many ways, similar to visual learners. In fact, there may even be some overlaps. Both learn visually, but the main difference is that one needs diagrams and pictures, while the other only needs words. As the name suggests, they express their ideas and thoughts through writing, which is why they often have the habit of diary writing. Other habits also include reading, using lists, writing verbatim notes, and easily studying just by reading textbooks or anything that includes words.

These learners learn easily through traditional methods, which include note taking, rereading, and researching. One thing to note though, it’s important to leave some time to write down points that you’ve learnt. Additionally, rewrite them in your own words, and not copy them from one piece of information to a blank piece of paper. If there’s a need, you can do more test papers during exam preparation, which is useful in becoming more used to answering techniques. In fact, if your school didn’t prepare test papers, you can use your textbook or online sources to create one for yourself. All in all to reiterate, the most important thing to take note of for these learners is to leave time for yourself to put your thoughts onto paper.

#3 Auditory Learners | 听觉型学习者

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听觉型学习者大多倾向于使用耳朵听取信息,并以这种方式学习。与视觉型学习者相仿的是,他们也需要在安静的地方学习。但有些听觉型学习者也会有在学习时听歌的习惯。他们有大声朗读、喜欢倾听和健谈等的习惯。当然,他们也会有阅读的习惯,但并不是传统意义上的阅读。他们更有可能会选择听电子书。在教室内,通常能够最自在地回答问题的也是听觉型学习者。这一类地学习者在教室内通常不怎么写笔记,而是就坐着听老师讲课。说到这里,大家脑海里应该浮现出熟悉的场景了吧。想必你们应该想到身边那些坐着听课就能够及格的朋友了吧!真是羡慕他们呀!

如我前面所提到的,他们在学习时一般需要在较安静的地方。如果可以,甚至可以找一个没有人的地方。在学习中,听觉型学习者会将自己的资料朗读出声,以便自己吸收知识。但是,这要求听觉型学习者学会强化组织资讯的能力。通过自己的语言,将自己学到的知识,再次“吐“出来。这点就跟前面读写型学习者很相似。同时,在学习时,大家可以上网查找关于相关课题的讲座、播客等。这样一来,就能够通过“听”,来快速学习啦!

Auditory learners are used to using their ears to learn. Similar to visual learners, they need a quiet place to study as well, but have the tendency to listen to music whilst studying too. They also have habits like reading aloud, a love for listening, speaking a lot, and are amazing at explanations. Of course, they read as well, but through audio books or e-books. Actually, if you realise, the ones who can comfortably answer in classes are usually them as well. They don’t take notes in class either, but rather just sit down and listen to the teacher. You probably have an idea of what I’m talking about, as you start to think of certain classmates who are like that. They can just sit down, listen, and still do well for an exam! Unbelievable right?

As I mentioned earlier, these learners need a quiet place to study. If it’s possible, do find one that doesn’t have too many people. Whilst studying, auditory learners may read out what they see to help them remember. However, this also requires them to be able to paraphrase the information into their own words for processing. This process is pretty similar to what reader-writers do. Additionally, they could opt to listen to podcasts relating to the topic that they’re studying. With such a method, they could potentially learn faster just by listening!

#4 Kinesthetic Learners | 动态型学习者

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“话不多说,我们直接上手操作吧!”应该是大多数动态型学习者的内心想法吧。如果能够动手,亲自体验,他们会毫不犹豫地往前冲。他们充满活力、四肢协调、触觉发达,却不喜欢规划。在班级内,动态型学习者通常都是体育或运动方面比较全能的学生。在听讲座或进行自行阅读时,他们也是那些看起来不感兴趣,想要起身走动的学生。但是,一旦参加像表演、实验或户外学习等课程,他们却会变成“模范生”。对这类型的学习者来说,触摸和感觉是最舒适的学习方式,因此最合适不过。

动态型学习者在学习时,有可能是这几种学习者中面临最多难题的。这是因为自己不喜爱坐在同一个地方安安静静地学习,也因此很少会有做笔记的习惯。可是,他们也不是完全没有办法学习。一些学习方式就包括:使用手势加强记忆,阅读课本或资料时起身走动。如此一来,学习效率也可以很快提升。有必要时,在学习之前出去走走,让自己放松下来,再继续学习也是一件不错的事!总之,只要有机会活动,他们就能够提升学习效率。

“Let’s just get to it hands-on!”, is what these learners probably have in mind all the time. If there’s the chance to get hands-on and experience it personally, they will without a doubt go for it. They are energetic, have good body coordination and a good sense of touch, but are normally quite messy and dislike organisation. In a class, these are the ones who are good at sports and physical wellness. They are also the same ones who are not interested in lectures or self-study, and want to move around instead. However, when there are classes which contain stage performance, experiments, or outdoor lessons, they excel. In general, these learners are most comfortable with learning through hands-on experiences.

Kinesthetic learners probably have the hardest time studying amongst these few types of learners due to the amount of movement they need and want. Hence, they probably won’t sit down and make notes. However, it doesn’t mean that they are totally incapable of studying well. Some study techniques include: using hand gestures to improve memory or moving around while trying to read a piece of information. With these techniques, their efficiency in studying increases. If there’s a need, taking a walk before studying to relax isn’t a bad idea either! All in all, movement and hands-on experiences are the key to learning fast for these learners.

#5 Multimodal Learners | 综合型学习者

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如果你读完前面四种学习者的特征与习惯,觉得自己与每个都沾边,那恭喜你!你很有可能是综合型学习者!这类型的学习者没有一个主要的学习习惯,反而是拥有着不同学习者的特征。他们可以通过许多方式,有效地学习,也不会局限于某一种方式。总而言之,综合型学习者的特征就是不局限于一个特定的学习方式!偷偷告诉你们,我个人认为我属于这类型,所以我的学习方式也很广泛!如果你也是这类型的学习者,记得在底下的评论区告诉我哦!

“I’ve read the entire piece, but have not figured out what type of a learner I am. What should I do?” Well, no worries! I will leave a link to a simple quiz below, which helps you figure out. Do remember though, that since it’s an automated system which gives you an answer according to an algorithm, it might not be accurate. To truly find out your own learning style, you have to try out various styles and methods. Alright, that’s about it for today, till next time! Remember to leave a comment on what type of learner you are down below! Bye!

Find out what type of learner you are here: http://www.educationplanner.org/students/self-assessments/learning-styles.shtml 

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