Jocelyn Chinese Tuition

Smoking and Its Impacts | 吸烟带来的影响

Jocelyn Chinese Tuition Blog Post (Current Affairs)

大家好,别来无恙啊!最近,《亚洲新闻台》在《Talking Point》上提到了一个有趣的话题,就是:我们应该在组屋内禁止吸烟吗?相信大家对吸烟都略知一二,知道它对我们的健康百害而无一益。尽管如此,还是有许多人选择吸烟。那为什么吸烟对我们的健康不好呢?它又有什么负面影响?我们今天就来讨论其中的影响吧!

Hey everyone, how are you? Recently, Channel News Asia (CNA) Talking Point series released an interesting discussion topic, “Should we ban Smoking in Homes?”. I believe all of us are aware that smoking brings harm to our bodies. Despite this, people in Singapore still choose to smoke. Now, why is smoking harmful to our bodies? Let’s take a deeper look at this topic today!

Before you go off reading, if you’d like to take a look at the video by CNA, click on the link below! 

https://www.channelnewsasia.com/watch/talking-point-20212022/should-we-ban-smoking-homes-2420771?cid=fbins 

吸烟有什么负面影响呢?| What are the Negative Impacts of Smoking?

要是你没有看视频,不用慌!让我来帮你总结视频中的知识点,并且结合网上搜查的资料来进行深入的讨论。这样一来,大家也能够对这个话题有更进一步的了解!

If you haven’t watched the video, fret not! Let me help you conclude some of the facts that were pointed out in the video  and share relevant facts to help everyone better understand the impacts of smoking!

负面影响#1:对自身的危害 | Bringing Harm to Oneself

Jocelyn Chinese Tuition Blog Post (Current Affairs)

I’m sure many of you have seen cigarette boxes. If you’ve noticed, there are pictures of the physical harm smoking brings to people, warning smokers to steer clear of this harmful product. The tobacco inside the cigarette contains a well-known chemical compound, Nicotine. What nicotine has been known to do is cause addiction. When people breathe in nicotine, the level of Dopamine rises, allowing one to “feel good” in that brief moment. In addition, the body releases Adrenaline, giving the person an adrenaline rush which also makes the person “feel good”. 

However, long-term exposure to such chemical substances brings harm to the body. Smaller impacts include sped-up aging of skin and teeth discolouration. Following, it could lead to bigger issues which include: cancer, lung problems, heart problems, strokes, cataracts, loss of smell of taste etc. It can even cause miscarriage for pregnant ladies. These are all due to long-term exposure of these chemicals. In fact, there are even reports which show that 90% of lung cancer is caused by smoking.

大家应该都有看过烟盒吧?如果你有注意,就必定会发现烟盒上通常都会有个警示性的图片,警告吸烟者吸烟的危害。吸烟的危害真的不小,尤其是对自己的身体。香烟的使用方法通常是燃烧里面的烟草,而这些烟草里面还含有一种化学合成物——尼古丁。尼古丁是会让人上瘾的一种化学物。吸入尼古丁的人,大脑的多巴胺会提升。这是人在吸烟时感到兴奋的缘由。另外,身体也会在那一瞬间释放肾上腺素。这些都是让一个人在吸烟时感觉到很轻松快乐的原因。 

然而,长期吸烟或吸入这些化学物都会对身体带来负面的影响。首先,较不严重的影响就是皮肤老化,牙齿变色等问题。其次就是较严重的身体健康问题,如:癌症、肺部问题、心脏病、中风、白内障、嗅觉及味觉失灵等等。对孕妇而言,吸烟甚至可能导致流产。此外,更有报告显示,高达90%的肺癌都是由吸烟导致的。可想而知,吸烟虽然可以带来一瞬间的快乐,但长期吸烟只会带来不良后果。大家看到了吧,千万不要为了一时兴奋而牺牲自己的生命呀!

负面影响#2:对他人的危害 | Bringing Harm to Others

Jocelyn Chinese Tuition Blog Post (Current Affairs)

这点《亚洲新闻台》在《Talking Point》谈得比较深入。其重点是在于吸烟者所吐出的烟雾,即二手烟,对周围的人有什么影响。视频中采访了一位有着幼女的父亲,黄先生。他遇到的问题是邻居在阳台吸烟,导致二手烟进入他的家里。即便是一丁点,一旦二手烟进入屋子里,整个屋内便都是烟味。这导致黄先生的家里无法开窗,甚至还需要用橡胶密封把缝隙封起来。即使如此,这也抵挡不住二手烟的危害。

那到底什么是二手烟?根据《亚洲新闻台》,每一只燃烧的香烟都会有85%至90%的烟雾停留在空中。这些烟雾以及吸烟者吐出来的烟雾参杂在一起便是所谓的二手烟。我们需注意的是,二手烟存有多于250个致癌的化学物。

有人可能要问了,“又不是黄先生吸烟,为什么会对他的家庭有害?”。如果你有这种想法的话,那你就大错特错了!二手烟所带来的危害不亚于吸烟对吸烟者的危害。根据美国疾病控制与预防中心,每年有上百万的人死于二手烟。视频中提到,就算人们只是吸入10至20分钟的二手烟,都有可能造成永久性的身体损害。另外,吸入二手烟的人也有可能拥有与吸烟者同样的疾病,即癌症、心脏病、哮喘等等。因此,如果是在室外,我们应该尽量避免二手烟。如果是在室内,一定要关好窗户,趁风向转变时再打开窗口通风。当然,最好的方法还是劝吸烟者停止吸烟!

This was the main topic discussed in CNA’s Talking Point. In the video, an interviewee, Mr Ng, who has a young daughter, complains of a neighbour who smokes on the balcony. The second-hand smoke then enters his house. No matter the amount, it fills the house and makes it hard to breathe. As a result, Mr Ng had to shut his windows, and used rubber seals to seal up the cracks and holes. Even so, it was unable to stop the harm of second-hand smoke.

What exactly is second-hand smoke? According to CNA, about 85% to 90% of the smoke released from a burning cigarette remains in the air, and when mixed along with what the smoker breathes out, it is what we call second-hand smoke. A point to note would be that second-hand smoke actually contains more than 250 cancer causing chemical substances!

Some of you might then wonder, “Mr Ng wasn’t the one smoking, so why would it be harmful to his family?” Well, this way of thinking isn’t entirely correct. In fact, the harm that second-hand smoke brings about isn’t any better than the harm brought to the smoker. According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), every year there are millions of non-smokers who die due to second-hand smoke. In the video, it was also mentioned that even just 10 to 20 minutes of breathing in second-hand smoke could cause long-term health issues. People who breathe in second-hand smoke also face the same potential health issues as a smoker, such as cancer or lung diseases. Hence, if you’re outside, try to avoid second-hand smoke! However, if you face it indoors like Mr Ng, try your best to close your windows, and open them when the wind direction changes to ventilate your house!

负面影响#3:对环境的危害 | Bringing Harm to Environment

Jocelyn Chinese Tuition Blog Post (Current Affairs)

众所周知,吸烟有害于健康。但其实,吸烟也对环境有着很大的负面影响。

首先,二手烟会严重污染环境。二手烟中含有一氧化碳和二氧化碳,而二氧化碳就是导致全球暖化的元凶之一。二氧化碳是一种会使地球表面变得更暖的温室气体。随着吸烟的人数逐渐增长,人们所排放的二手烟也逐渐增加。这也意味着空气中的二氧化碳量会越来越多。这样一来,这些温室气体会产生温室效应,从而导致地球的温度升高,引发全球暖化的问题。要知道,全球暖化所带来的问题并不少。这包括海平面上升和极端天气等等。这些问题不仅仅会影响我们的环境,更会影响居住地球的人类。

其次,吸烟后遗留下的烟蒂也会对环境产生严重的污染。对于许多烟民来说,抽完烟后随手丢弃烟蒂是一件特别简单和自然的事。尤其是在街头、公园和垃圾桶旁边等地方更是能够看见人们随手丢弃的烟蒂。但偏偏就是这样一个看起来小小无害的的烟蒂,对环境有着很大的危害。烟蒂属于不可降解污染物,所需的降解时间非常长。这些烟蒂常被丢弃到下水道和大海等地方,而那些不知情的鸟类和海洋生物就会误把这些烟蒂当成食物,并吞下肚,导致他们的呼吸道受堵,窒息而死。而人们转头丢弃的烟蒂,其实就是杀死小动物的凶手。

We are all aware of how smoking is harmful to our body. Not only so, smoking also brings about negative impacts to the environment.

Firstly, the second-hand smoke given off by smokers will heavily pollute the air. Second-hand smoke consists of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, and as we all know, carbon dioxide is one of the main causes of global warming. Being one of the greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide raises the temperature on earth. As the number of smokers increases, the emission of carbon dioxide will also increase. As a result, these greenhouse gases will lead to the greenhouse effect, increasing the earth’s temperature, and therefore causing global warming. This brings us many problems, such as rising sea levels and extreme temperatures. However, such problems will not only affect the environment, but us humans as well.

Additionally, cigarette butts will also pollute the environment. To most smokers, throwing cigarette butts away after smoking is normal, especially in places like the streets, parks and areas around rubbish bins. However, contrary to popular beliefs, cigarette butts are harmful to the environment. Cigarette butts are non-biodegradable waste which cannot be broken down by natural organisms. They are often dumped into places like the drains and sea, causing animals like birds and marine life to feed on them. This can potentially block their respiratory system, leading to death. These are the exact same cigarette buds that people throw away moments after enjoying their “smoke”.

结论

读了以上的文章,相信大家对吸烟的影响有了更深入的了解。在此,我想告诉大家,虽然你们还没有到吸烟的年龄,但是你们在未来也不要去尝试吸烟。希望大家可以对自己的身体、别人的健康、以及大自然的生命负责!我相信大家也不会希望自己或家人有什么三长两短,因此,如果你身边有人吸烟的话,请尽力劝阻他们哦!那么,今天就写到这里,大家保重!下次见哦~

After reading the above, I believe many of you have a better understanding of the impacts of smoking. What I wish to convey is that though you may not have reached the legal age for smoking, please never try it out in the future. I hope that you can be responsible for your own health, others’ health, as well as the environment! I believe nobody would want anything to happen to themselves or their family, as a result of such habits. Hence, if there’s anyone around you that smokes, I encourage you to try and talk them out of it! With that, I shall end the blog here, have a good day! Bye~ 

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