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How to Read Efficiently | 如何进行有效阅读

嘿大家!从古至今,阅读一直都是一个不可缺少的技能。这是因为阅读除了能带给我们很多知识,阅读还能给我们带来许多有趣的话题。同时,阅读也能给我们无聊的生活带了许多乐趣。要知道,创造书本最初的目的,就是让人们通过阅读体验娱乐。那么,阅读这项基本功,我相信大家都会。但是,我们该如何进行更有效的阅读呢?今天就让我来分享一些方法吧!

Hey everyone! Since long ago, reading has been an essential skill to have. The presence of this skill, brought about knowledge, topics to discuss amongst humans, and most importantly, joy to humans. An interesting fact to note, the goal for the creation of books, has always been to bring joy to humans through reading. I believe many of us have this basic skill of reading, but how do we read EFFICIENTLY? Let me share 3 main tips today!

#1: Speed Reading | 快速阅读

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阅读对很多人而言并不难,可往往大家都会因为觉得阅读太费时间,而选择放弃阅读。但是,如果你们能学会快速阅读,那么阅读就会变得很轻松。就让我来分享一些快速阅读的技巧吧!首先,我们其实并不需要把整个句子读完才能明白句子的意思。相反的,由于我们的视野比较扩散,当我们在读句子的中间,旁边的内容也自然会出现在我们的视野当中。因此,大家如果能学会忽略旁边的字,只读中间的内容,就会发现阅读速度变得越来越快。当然,这个方法不仅限于中文,也能用于英语阅读。

“如果重点内容在旁边怎么办?” —— 其实,大家不必担心在快速阅读时会忽略掉句子的重点。就如我所提到的,我们其实不是在忽略内容,只是在忽略字。因此,当我们阅读时,我们还是会将这些内容自动吸收。但是,如果大家想要细读的话,就不可以用这种方式了。

其次,许多人会习惯性地在阅读时,将自己所读到的内容以“说话”的方式在脑海里重复。简单来说,就是用内在的声音去阅读。可是,这只会将整体的阅读的速度降下来。如果能够除去这些“脑海的声音”,阅读速度也会自然而然地变快。这是因为你不会去重复阅读你已读过的内容。说了那么多,相信大家也看得出快速阅读的好处。不过,大家要记住,快速阅读不一定适合每个人,所以大家要先试一试才知道。如果这个方法不管用,或觉得这样会使自己吸收不到所阅读的内容,那就继续自己习惯的阅读方式吧!

Reading isn’t difficult for most of us, but what keeps us from doing it is often the time it takes to read (let’s say an entire book). However, if you were to be able to pick up the skill of speed reading, reading would become slightly easier. Hence, let me share how you guys can pick up this skill! To start off, we as humans don’t actually need to read the entire sentence to understand it. In fact, because our field of vision is quite wide, if we only read the words in the middle of the sentence, those at the side of the sentence would still appear in our field of vision naturally. As such, if you’re able to ignore those words at the side and focus on what’s in the middle, you will realise that your reading speed is slowly increasing. In other words, this is also a form of “skimming”. Of course, this method can be used with both Chinese and English languages.

“What if we miss out the main point of the sentence?” — To be fair, this wouldn’t be a cause for concern. Like what I mentioned earlier, we aren’t actually ignoring the information, but just the words. When we read, we would still automatically take in this information through our field of vision. A point to note though, would be that if you want to read in a detailed manner, this method wouldn’t work.

Following on, when many of us read, we often repeat what we read in our heads using an “inside voice”. Simply put, we use our “inside voice” to read. However, this only slows down the reading overall and doesn’t really add any value. If you can forgo this “inside voice”, your reading speed naturally increases because you don’t spend any additional time repeating what you read. After sharing so much, I believe many of you can see the pros to speed reading! Though, do remember that everybody has a different style of doing things. Hence, you need to try it out for yourself. If it doesn’t work, or you feel like you aren’t getting the information you read, then return back to your normal style of reading.

#2: Book Notes | 阅读笔记

我知道,大家肯定在想,既然阅读是为了娱乐,为什么还要折磨自己去做笔记。其实,阅读除了娱乐,同时也是让人类收获知识的一种方式。大家注意哦,我所提到的阅读,不仅仅是阅读书本而已。它也包括阅读网上的文章,或像你正在读的这个博客!不知道你们有没有发现,有时候当你们读到自己有用的知识时,虽然在那一段时间会记得。但是,有可能过了几分钟后,就会忘得一干二净,甚至不会记起来。这时,阅读笔记就会起到作用!阅读笔记就是将你所读的,觉得有用的,或觉得自己喜欢的一段文字写下来。它可以是电子笔记,也可以是手写笔记,只要能够记录下来就可以了。不仅如此,阅读笔记也可以记录你对这本书的看法,是否喜欢等等。你甚至还可以使用这个笔记去推荐书本或文章给身边的朋友读。相信大家都应该知道,我们的头脑就如同电子产品,只有限定的储存空间。我们不能够记得读过的每一本书,每一篇文章,更不可能记得里面所有的内容。因此,有了阅读笔记,我们就可以随时参考。

那么,我们应该怎样弄一个阅读笔记呢?就如我前面所提到的,它可以是电子笔记或手写笔记。里面的内容可以以这样的方式归类:

  1. 阅读程度:想读/正在读/已读完
  2. 笔记程度:未开始/正在写/已写完

笔记的内容可以这样归类:

  1. 虚构/记实
  2. 归类:生活/效率/小说/梦幻/武侠/爱情/自我提升(可自行添加)
  3. 如果是虚构故事:简介,内容,如何抓住你,名句/名言等
  4. 如果是记实文学:学到了什么,书中重点,名句/名言等
  5. 读后感
  6. 评分:1-5分
  7. 会推荐给谁?

大家千万别觉得这样的方法又土又麻烦,一旦你拥有自己的“文学库”,你会发现找资料变得非常轻松。同时,自己学到的东西在日积月累之下也会翻个几十倍,身之多过于你这些年所吸收的知识。当然,这个方式也是看个人,如果不喜欢,完全可以不做!但我非常鼓励大家先试试看,再决定要不要继续。

I know, I know, many of you are thinking, if reading is supposed to bring joy, why torture yourselves with making notes for what you read. In all fairness, other than bringing joy, reading is also a way to gain knowledge. Reading here means all forms of information which can be read, not only limited to books, but also articles, and even the blog you’re reading right now! Not sure if you’ve noticed, but when you read something that resonates with you, even though you might take an extra look at it in the moment, you may forget about it entirely in a matter of minutes. In fact, I highly doubt that you would remember it. This is where book notes come in handy! Book notes are basically taking what you read, and what you feel resonates with you, and placing them into a notebook of some sort. This can mean digital notes or physical notes, as long as you have a place to capture what you read. Additionally, book notes can help you take down your thoughts of the book, whether you like it, and even help you recommend certain books or articles to your friends. I believe by now, many of you know that our brains are just like any other electronic device, we only have a limited amount of “storage”. It’s almost impossible to remember every book or article, and to say the least, quotes. Hence, with book notes, you can easily reference back.

Then, how do you start making book notes? Well, it’s simple. Like what I mentioned, it can be anywhere from digital notes to physical notes. You can give them statuses this way:

  1. Reading status: Want to Read/Started Reading/Finished Reading
  2. Note-taking status: Have not Started/Writing-In-Progress/Finished Writing

For the notes, this is how you can categorise things:

  1. Fiction/Non-Fiction
  2. Categories: Lifestyle/Productivity/Novels/Fantasy/Love/Self-Improvement (create your own!)
  3. Fiction: Summary, Content, How it captures you, Quotes
  4. Non-Fiction: What have you learnt, Main points, Quotes
  5. Thoughts after reading
  6. Ratings: 1-5 stars
  7. Who would you recommend this to?

Honestly, this may seem old-fashioned and troublesome to many of you, but once you have your very own “archive”, you will find that searching for information becomes unbelievably easy. At the same time, the things you learnt increases everyday, probably more than whatever you have learnt in the past. Again, to reiterate, this method is also hugely based on oneself, if you dislike it, you don’t have to do it! However, I do strongly recommend that you try it out before you decide whether or not to continue!

#3 Preparation | 预备

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“哈???阅读还需要预备???” —— 别紧张,让我解释清楚。这一段是针对阅读书本的朋友们。很多时候我们会无条件地跳入一本书,读到一半才发现,这本书太过无聊,或对自己没有什么用处,而这是因为大家没有在阅读前做好准备。在决定是否要读一本书时,建议大家可以先根据以下方式帮助你决定该不该读这本书。

首先,上网查找该书的概括。如今,有很多网站都提供许多书本的概括,它们会以几段来告诉你书的内容。这样的概括不仅不会剧透,还会让你对一本书产生更大的兴趣。当然如果你读后觉得这本书不是你的菜,你也可以选择放弃阅读。虽说这样的过程有可能在你们眼里是一个多余的步骤,但大家可以通过第一点的快速阅读去看看这些概括啊!

其次,查找该书的评价。跟概括一样,许多网站都能让网友们聚在一起评价所读过的书本。我认识的网站就有 goodreads.com ,一个专门为喜爱阅读之人而设计的网站。注册帐号之后,大家可以将想读的书名收藏起来。读完之后,就可以评价该书。评价有好有坏,在某些人的眼中可能是无用的,可就是这些评价,能够帮助大家选到适合自己的书!

最后,大家也可以通过询问朋友,看看他们是否已读你想读的书。如果他们读过了,觉得好读又推荐给你读,那想必这是一本好读的书!读完这本书之后,你还能跟朋友一起讨论书里的内容,交换阅读笔记等等。这样的好处,不限制于朋友之间,你也可以跟喜爱阅读的人交流哦!

简单而言,在阅读一本书之前先查找有关资料,能够节省很多不必要的麻烦,也可避免大家踩雷!

“Reading needs preparation too???” — Relax, let me explain. This section is targeted mostly to readers who read books, and not really for readers who read articles. A lot of the time, we choose to jump right into a book, only to find out that it’s too boring, or just doesn’t have any value for us. This is because we don’t do enough preparation beforehand. While deciding whether to read a certain book, you can follow these tips below to help you!

Firstly, find a book summary online. Many websites these days provide book summaries using a few paragraphs. These summaries don’t spoil the book, yet help you decide whether your interest in the book has increased, or whether you feel like it’s not suitable for you. Although this step may seem a little extra, you can use the skill you picked up earlier from this blog, speed reading, to read through the summaries!

Following up, find the book’s ratings. Just like book summaries, websites offer book ratings by fellow readers too. One that I know of, would be goodreads.com , which is a platform for enthusiastic readers. After creating an account, you would be able to save the titles of books you want to read, and after reading, give ratings and critics to the book. There are good and bad ratings of course, and these may seem useless to certain people, but it may also very well be the ratings that help you determine if the book is suitable for you.

Finally, you can ask your friends! I’m sure we have friends around us who love to read. You can check with them to see if they’ve read the book you want to read, and ask if they’d recommend it. If they say yes, awesome! After reading, you can even exchange thoughts and book notes with each other. This kind of advantage doesn’t have to be limited between friends, but can be used between fellow readers too!

Simply put, before starting a book, researching can help you save a lot of unnecessary time and prevent you from choosing a book you dislike!

总结

总而言之,阅读是一个休闲的娱乐方式,希望大家别把它当成一个劳烦的过程!享受阅读,将自己的知识量不断提升,对自己也是个好处。其实,没有任何一个技术能够帮你不劳而获,但只要你肯付出努力,就会有回报,毕竟“书中自有黄金屋”。在这里告诉大家个好消息,我们打算每个月都评价一本书,当作是博客。大家如果有兴趣或有什么有趣的书想介绍的话,可以留言让我知道哦!今天就写到这,我们下次再见!拜拜!

All in all, reading is meant to be a joyful experience, so I hope none of you see it as a tiring chore! Enjoying the moment in reading, and increasing your knowledge is also a good thing. To be fair, there isn’t any method that can help you improve without effort, but if you are willing to put in that fair bit of effort, no books will let you down! Here’s some good news, we’re planning to release a book review every month as a blog post. If you’re interested in reading or have any good books to recommend, let me know down below! Today’s blog shall end here, till next time, bye!

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